Your Guide to Pregnancy

Your Guide to Pregnancy

Your Guide to Pregnancy, Pregnancy is one of the most joyous moments in life. Learning and understanding how to care for your unborn baby is key to delivering a healthy baby. Many expecting mothers are still unaware of the health risks, which can cause unnecessary complications during pregnancy to them and their unborn child.   

Numerous things come under the microscope when a woman is expecting a baby. Monthly health check-ups are extremely important as it helps the doctor and the parents-to-be track the unborn babies and the expecting mother’s health. There are many things which contribute to the health of your baby such as your daily diet, routine, monthly check-ups and most importantly, how well you manage to take care of yourself before delivery. 

So read on your guide to pregnancy to find out what an expecting mother should avoid and do during pregnancy. 

Your Guide to Pregnancy

What is prenatal care? 

Whether you are new to pregnancy or not, prenatal care should be your number one priority. Prenatal care and timely doctor visits confirm there are no health risks, which interfere with the baby’s growth and the expecting mother’s health.  

Prenatal Screening Tests 

First Trimester Screening Tests  

Nuchal Translucency Scan  

  • Gestational Age: 11 to 13 weeks of pregnancy
  • Type: Screening  

 Early Blood Tests 

  • Gestational Age: 11 to 13 weeks of pregnancy
  • Type: Screening 

 Chorionic Villus Sampling 

  • Gestational Age: 11 to 13 weeks
  • Type: Diagnostic 

 Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing 

  • Gestational Age: 10 weeks onward
  • Type: Advanced screening

Second Trimester Screening Tests

Fetal Anomaly Scan 

  • Gestational Age: 18 to 22 weeks
  • Type: Screening 

Fetal Echocardiography 

  • Gestational Age: 18 to 24 weeks
  • Type: Screening 

 Blood Tests  

  • Gestational Age: 15 to 20 weeks 
  • Type: Screening 


  • Gestational Age: 16 to 20 weeks 
  • Type: Diagnostic 

Glucose Screening 

  • Gestational Age: 24 to 28 weeks 
  • Type: Diagnostic 

Third Trimester Screening Tests

Group B Strep Screening 

  • Gestational Age: 35 to 37 weeks 
  • Type: Screening 

What To Eat During Pregnancy  

Eat Iron-rich food prior and during pregnancy, is highly encouraged by the doctor. Iron intake can be derived from both animal and plant sources. 

Include prenatal vitamins in your diet. Usually, folic acid and vitamins should be included in the expecting mother’s diet only suggested by your gynaecologist 

Balance your calcium intake, it is vital to keep your bones healthy and strong, as expecting mothers’ calcium levels deplete when they are expecting.  

Include essential fats in your diet during pregnancy, but too much of fish may contain high levels of mercury, which can be harmful for the mother and baby. It is therefore suggested that an expectant mother limit herself to two portions of fish per week. 

Indulge in a rich fibre diet prevents constipation and keeps your bowel healthy. Fried and spicy foods should be avoided to prevent heartburn and to reduce morning sickness. 

Foods to Avoid When You Are Pregnant 

Avoid High Amounts of Vitamin A, to safeguard your baby’s development during pregnancy. Mothers, therefore, should avoid vitamin A supplements and foods rich in animal forms of vitamin A for e.g., organ meats such as; liver should be avoided prior and throughout pregnancy. 

Avoid solid fats, saturated fats and trans fats in your diet; they are extremely unhealthy and can develop health concerns in the mother and the unborn child.  

Steer clear of alcohol and smoking as consuming alcohol and smoking during, prior and post pregnancy are considered to be harmful for the body and your growing baby. It is best for an expectant mother and father to avoid alcohol altogether, and not take any risks. 

Limit tea and coffee intake. It is probably wise to limit caffeine intake before and after pregnancy. If you are habituated to consuming coffee, you can cut down your daily intake to one or two cups of tea, or decaf coffee per day.  

Ensure food safety by consuming food in a hygienic, clean and safe environment to prevent food poisoning or any other health issues, as pregnancy impairs the mother’s immune system. Food poisoning bacteria like salmonella and listeria can prove to be harmful for health and the growing baby.  Avoid raw eggs, unpasteurized milk, unpasteurized cheeses, raw or undercooked meat and fish. 

Small Changes Can Contribute to a Healthy Mother & Child

By taking care of each other a couple can definitely become closer to creating a healthy offspring. So, ensure you both nourish your body with the best produce and health supplements prior and post pregnancy.  

Making healthy lifestyle changes shouldn’t just stop after pregnancy, but should be followed post pregnancy as well.  Caring for yourself and the baby has always proven to be beneficial in every way. After all, a healthy baby is a happy baby! 

You can now consult a doctor from the safety of your home via or visit your nearby Phygital Care centre.

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